Before I begin my observation about Balouchistan, let me tell you what is Balouchistan?
Most of our people do not know that before the siege of the English Balouchistan was an independent state with the name of Qalat. Its boundaries met with Multan and Dera Ismail Khan in east and many parts of Afghanistan and Iran were included in it. This state was never part of India. At the time of independence it it had to join with either Pakistan or India.
With the consensus of Quaid-e-Azam and other leaders it became part of Pakistan on condition that it will remain independent in its internal affairs.
Today?s Balouchistan Includes the region of Qalat and also some parts of Pashtoon region which were taken from the English, as they were known as British Balouchistan in those days.
After the independence of Bangladesh and breaking of the One Unit of Pakistan, Balochistan was given the status of a province of Pakistan.
In its first election the Balouch & Pashtoon nationalists swept the seats and Sardar Ataullah Khan Maingal became the first chief minister and Mir Ghous Bux Bazinjo became its governor. This government was dissolved and a a new government was inducted in by the center.
On this change the Pushtoons of Balouchistan became quite and accepted the norms of center but this initiated a wave of unrest and agitation in the Balouch regions. To curtail the unrest biggest military operation was conducted which inflated the fundamentalism and Baloch national movement became more strong.
Ationalists won the elections again and came into power, this time Sardar Akhtar maingal became the chief minister but he was also removed like his father.
Center has always wished that Balouchistan should have its Yes Man government. Balouch basically are nearly all nationalists. Their only demand from the center is that they must be given the right of governance in their provine with out any intereference from the center as per the pact of Quaid E Azam and Khan of Qalat, so that they can come out of the poverty and backwardness in its region. But Islamabad?s nearly every government has viewed their wish of development as mutiny and stiffness and have used the armed forces against them. The present movement of Balouch areas is the effect of this unjust behavior.
And now the demand has escalated from mere freedom of governing to the independence of Balouchistan. In order to get the attention of the government they started to do the target killing of Punjabis and other people in Balouchistan, now they have even started to attack Balouchs who do not approve them, while they continue to attack the security forces centers and travelers.
In response to this leaders of resistant movements are being kidnapped and are killed with violence and their bodies are being found every now and than in remote areas.
Balouch put the blame of this on security forces while government denies it. This violence and killings have not only been noticed by the country?s judiciary but some international organizations have also taken notice of it.
Government so far has been unsuccessful in stopping all this. Government announced Balouchistan package to uplift the economic and moral situation of the people in Balouchistan but none of Balouch leaders were taken in confidence for this package and on the other hand none of the points of this packages have actually started effectively.
?Angry brothers? and Balouch leaders have been invited for talks but only in media, there has been no real contacts with the Balouch leaders for this.
Nawaz Sharief of Muslim league Nonn met with some Balouch leaders and during his visit to Balouchista announced that his party will call a all parties conference on Balouchistn issue in Islamabad where nationalist leaders will also be invited however all leaders of the country when they visit Bouchistan they make promises but they forgt all about it whe they return home. Let us hope that Mian Nawaz sharief takes this issue seriously and takes some steps.